Gruber-Funded Summer Research Programme 2024


Summer Research Programme at ESO

Garching, Germany
21 July - 31 August 2024


A project fully funded by the Gruber Foundation Fellowship programme (paid at a similar level as ESO’s Summer Research Programme) is available for the summer of 2024. For this programme, applications will be accepted from promising students of any country, although priority will be given to those from developing countries. The student will be based at ESO, Garching and will be supervised by Pooneh Nazari at ESO and Danial Langeroodi at DARK, University of Copenhagen. Participating in courses offered by ESO during this time is not mandatory but encouraged. This is an opportunity for university students who are not yet enrolled in a PhD programme and are interested in gaining experience in astrophysical research. 

The Gruber-Funded Summer Research Programme at ESO will be hosted in Garching.

Travel costs to/from Garching at the start and end of the programme will be covered for participants of the programme. Accommodation will be provided in a shared apartment in Garching (with electricity, heating and internet all included). Students will also receive a modest stipend to cover living costs during the programme. Successful students are responsible for acquiring the required visas to spend six weeks working in Germany under these conditions.

We are very excited to announce the successful applicant for the Gruber-Funded Summer Research Programme at ESO:

Kasra Hajian (Sharif University of Technology, Iran)

ProjectChemical Evolution of Galaxies in the Early Universe

with Pooneh Nazari (ESO) & Danial Langeroodi (DARK, University of Copenhagen)


Project Description:

The gas-phase metallicity of galaxies holds a record of their chemical enrichment histories and the processes that drive and regulate it, including gas accretion, mergers, and feedback-driven outflows. These processes and their relative prominence in different galaxies are the foundations of the theories of galaxy formation and evolution. Since these processes and their combination are expected to be simpler for young galaxies in the early universe, observational constraints on the gas-phase metallicities of early-universe galaxies are crucial to advance our theories of galaxy formation and evolution. In this project, the student will infer and analyse the gas-phase metallicities and elemental ratios of early-universe galaxies based on JWST and ALMA data. The derived properties will be compared against numerical/analytical simulations to identify the galaxy formation and chemical enrichment pathways favoured by the observations. The exact scope of the project will be developed in consultation with the student, to take their interest into account. The student is greatly encouraged to take an active role in this process.

For inquiries about the programme, please email