Side-by-side comparison of ALMA observations and artist’s impression of the disc and gas streams around HD 142527

Left: observations made with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) telescope of the disc of gas and cosmic dust around the young star HD 142527, showing vast streams of gas flowing across the gap in the disc. These are the first direct observations of these streams, which are expected to be created by giant planets guzzling gas as they grow, and which are a key stage in the birth of giant planets.

The dust in the outer disc is shown in red. Dense gas in the streams flowing across the gap, as well as in the outer disc, is shown in green. Diffuse gas in the central gap is shown in blue. The gas filaments can be seen at the three o'clock and ten o'clock positions, flowing from the outer disc towards the centre. The dense gas observed is HCO+, and the diffuse gas is CO. The outer disk is roughly two light-days across. If this were our own Solar System, the Voyager 1 probe — the most distant manmade object from Earth — would be at approximately the inner edge of the outer disk.

Right: artist’s impression of the disc and gas streams, for illustration.


ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO)/M. Kornmesser (ESO), S. Casassus et al.

About the Image

Release date:2 January 2013, 19:00
Related releases:eso1301
Size:5431 x 2700 px

About the Object

Type:Milky Way : Star : Circumstellar Material : Disk : Protoplanetary

Image Formats

Large JPEG
3.1 MB
Screensize JPEG
91.9 KB

Colours & filters

ALMA Band 7 CO 3-2
866 μmAtacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array
ALMA Band 7 HCO+ 4-3
840 μmAtacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array
ALMA Band 7 continuum
870 μmAtacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array